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Since October 7, 2001, nearly a million American service members have served at least one tour of duty in Afghanistan — as part of Operation Enduring Freedom. If you or a loved one is one of these military veterans, there are number of things you could’ve been exposed to, or injured from, that might negatively affect your health either now, or in the future.

Below is a list of these issues, injuries and illnesses. If you believe any concern you or a loved one, contact a physician (you can securely message members of your medical team by going here).

You may also file a disability claim by going here (once filed you may track the claim or check its status by clicking here).

Health Issues Caused By Toxic Chemicals, Hazardous Materials

– Sand, dust and particulates
– Burn pit smoke
– Depleted uranium

Injuries Caused By …

– Extreme cold or heat
– Toxic embedded fragments (
– Explosions
– Noise

Illnesses Caused By …

– Infectious diseases
– Rabies
– Occupational hazards
– Side effects of Mefloquine (malaria drug)

For more information on all of these conditions, as well as centers, programs and fact sheets for depleted uranium exposure, toxic embedded fragments, burn pit exposure and Gulf War Illness, click here.

To contact your local VA environmental health coordinator, click here.

To learn about the Open Burn Pit Registry, click here.